The embryo has graduated to foetus. To get this promotion, the baby has done all the hard work of adding body structures that are needed, and done a thorough check like an efficient commander of a ship sailing off! So, now an important new chapter in the developmental journey starts : the focus shifts towards maturing of these newly-formed structures. Even though it's just 9mm in size, the size of your little finger’s nail, a lot is going on inside. The hands and feet are there but closed like little buds. And, really tiny skull bones are already protecting a tiny, primitive brain. The outer layer of the cushiony amniotic sac develops into the placenta. Its cells grow deep into the wall of your womb, creating a rich blood supply.
शुक्रशोणितजीवसंयोगो तु खलु कुक्षिगते गर्भसंञा भवति । (चरक शारीरस्थान)
Ayurveda says the union of sukra, sonita and aatma inside the womb is what forms the garbha.
Your Baby's Development
Layers: The beginning
Science has made it possible for us to know how rapidly the baby is growing at this stage. The embryo is now made up of three layers – the ectoderm, the mesoderm, and the endoderm. Just these three layers will be the basis of all of the organs and tissues.
The little brain, spinal cord, and nerves are all in a neural tube at the moment. This is starting to develop from the top layer – the ectoderm. This layer will also give rise to skin, hair, nails, mammary and sweat glands, and tooth enamel.
This week, the tiny heart starts pulsating and and pumping blood.The heart and circulatory system begin to form in the middle layer, or mesoderm. The mesoderm will also form the embryo’s muscles, cartilage, bone, and the tissue under the skin as it grows as a foetus.
Lungs and gut
The third layer, or endoderm, has some critical tasks as well. It will become the lungs, intestines, and early urinary system, as well as the thyroid, liver, and pancreas. In this week, the placenta is in a nascent form and so is the umbilical cord. They have, however, started the task of delivering nourishment and oxygen to your baby, are already on the job.
Your Pregnancy Symptoms
That pregnancy feeling
The baby, while still the size of a small seed, is growing rapidly. The pregnancy-related discomforts, though commonly start at 6 weeks for most women, you might have it already. Unexplained fatigue, achy or swollen breasts, nausea, and for some, frequent urination.
Pregnancy hormones plus your body’s increasing blood volume may increase your need to pee more often. You might want to make small changes in your schedule to ensure you have bathroom access. It’s important to stay hydrated, but you may want to cut back on fluids late in the day so you don’t have to get up to pee as frequently at night.
Breasts feeling sore
Breast tenderness is often one of the earliest signs of pregnancy. Increased hormone levels boost blood flow, which may make your breasts feel swollen, sore, tingly, and unusually sensitive to touch.
It's not yet clearly known why some women feel so tired in early pregnancy, but it's likely that hormonal changes are to blame. Most women find that their energy returns in the second trimester. Until then, try to rest more and include a short nap at noon, if possible.
Morning sickness can just be a bout of nausea or vomiting which gets too frequent. It could start this week with a persistent feeling of nausea that may get worse in the coming week. Changing diet and lifestyle, natural remedies is ideal. So, do check the tips on the iMumz App. If you feel that it is simply unbearable, please ask your doctor to prescribe medication.
Strong dislike for certain foods, or even smells may just catch you off guard. They start in week 5. It's because of the hormones and acutely heightened senses. Spicy and fried foods are common triggers. Try to eat homemade food that is mildly seasoned.
Cramping is a good sign since it indicates that the embryo has implanted nicely into the lining of your uterus. It could also be a sign that your uterus is expanding and stretching your ligaments. However, if you get strong cramps in week 5, it is important that you see a doctor.
Noticing some spotting at week 5 does appear alarming, but a little blood could also be a sign of implantation. It also happens after sex since your cervix is more sensitive now. The important thing to note is that there is no way to find out the cause unless your doctor does a scan. So, if it is more than a few drops, do check with your doctor.
iMumz Wellness Tip
प्रथमे मासे शंकिता चेत गर्भमापन्ना क्षीर मनुस्कृतं
मात्रावत शीतं काले काले पिबेत ॥
Ayurveda recommends that you start drinking milk in small amounts as soon as you get to know that you are pregnant . The milk should be boiled and cooled completely before you drink. It’s packed with beneficial nutrients for you and the baby!
Your Pregnancy check-ups
Some of you would have already chosen a doctor. If you haven't, ask people and rely on a good word-of-mouth. A good reference from someone you know is your best bet. One nice practice at this stage is to talk to relatives on both sides about your families' medical histories. Any chronic conditions or genetic abnormalities that are familial should be discussed with the doctor at this state only. For expert pregnancy info, week-by-week baby development trackers, sessions with experts, please download the iMumz App.
What should you eat in this week of pregnancy?
For those of you suffering from morning sickness, you might yell, ‘Eat??!! I can’t eat!’ Morning sickness starts around week 5 and peaks by week 9 or 10, when levels of the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are at its highest. For most women, morning sickness fades between 14 and 20 weeks.The key is that you should not miss eating. Eat 6 short meals, even if in small portions. Here is a recipe that will cool your tummy.
Easy-on-tummy Watermelon Salad
- 5 cups cubed watermelon.
- 1 heaping cup diced English cucumber.
- ¼ cup thinly sliced red onions.
- ⅓ cup crumbled feta cheese.
- 1 avocado, cubed.
- ⅓ cup torn mint or basil leaves.
- ½ tomato (cubed). Make sure you de-seed it.
- Sea salt.
- Add a drizzle of olive oil and lemon juice and munch away.