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Baby Illness
January 25, 2023

Contact Dermatitis: How Serious is it?

By:
iMumz Expert Panel
Contact dermatitis is a skin reaction from contact with certain substances like irritants or allergens. Dermatitis, in general, refers to an inflammation of the skin.
Verified by:
iMumz Expert Panel
|
Updated on:
January 12, 2023

Irritant contact dermatitis, specifically, is an inflammation of the skin caused by contact with a foreign substance. This can be any chemical substance, including soaps, detergents, and fabric softeners. The reaction can look like a burn.

Causes

  • Cosmetics: Products include dyes used in hair colour, clothing, perfumes, eye shadow, nail polish, lipstick, and some sunscreens.
  • Latex: Latex is found in products such as rubber toys, balloons, balls, rubber gloves, bandages, and pacifiers or nipples.
  • Metals: These include nickel, chrome, and mercury. Nickel is found in costume jewellery, belt buckles, and wristwatches, as well as zippers, snaps, and hooks on clothing. Chrome-plated items may also contain nickel. Mercury is found in contact lens solutions. It may cause problems for some children.
  • Medicines: Neomycin may also cause contact dermatitis. It’s found in some kinds of antibiotic creams and local anesthetic.

Some very general causes:

  • Soaps and detergents.
  • Spit (saliva).
  • Urine in a diaper.
  • Lotions and perfumes.

Symptoms

The skin looks Red, Swollen, Itchy, Painful, Dry, Cracked, Peeling, Bleeding, Oozing, Draining, Crusting, Blistering.

Management

  • Use wet, cold clothes (compresses) on the skin. This is to help reduce symptoms and ease inflammation.
  • Wash your child’s skin with soap and water as soon as possible after contact. Wash all areas, including the face, neck, hands, and in between the fingers.
  • Putting corticosteroid cream or ointment on the skin. This may help to lessen itching and other symptoms. The cream or ointment may be over-the-counter or prescription.
  • Use wet dressings for oozing areas. They may help decrease itching and improve healing. Ask your child's healthcare provider or nurse for instructions.

When should I see a doctor?

  • Symptoms that get worse.
  • New symptoms.
  • Symptoms that affect a large area.
  • Symptoms around the eyes or genitals.
  • Signs of a skin infection, such as increased redness, warmth, swelling, or fluid.
In the Article

Irritant contact dermatitis, specifically, is an inflammation of the skin caused by contact with a foreign substance. This can be any chemical substance, including soaps, detergents, and fabric softeners. The reaction can look like a burn.

Causes

  • Cosmetics: Products include dyes used in hair colour, clothing, perfumes, eye shadow, nail polish, lipstick, and some sunscreens.
  • Latex: Latex is found in products such as rubber toys, balloons, balls, rubber gloves, bandages, and pacifiers or nipples.
  • Metals: These include nickel, chrome, and mercury. Nickel is found in costume jewellery, belt buckles, and wristwatches, as well as zippers, snaps, and hooks on clothing. Chrome-plated items may also contain nickel. Mercury is found in contact lens solutions. It may cause problems for some children.
  • Medicines: Neomycin may also cause contact dermatitis. It’s found in some kinds of antibiotic creams and local anesthetic.

Some very general causes:

  • Soaps and detergents.
  • Spit (saliva).
  • Urine in a diaper.
  • Lotions and perfumes.

Symptoms

The skin looks Red, Swollen, Itchy, Painful, Dry, Cracked, Peeling, Bleeding, Oozing, Draining, Crusting, Blistering.

Management

  • Use wet, cold clothes (compresses) on the skin. This is to help reduce symptoms and ease inflammation.
  • Wash your child’s skin with soap and water as soon as possible after contact. Wash all areas, including the face, neck, hands, and in between the fingers.
  • Putting corticosteroid cream or ointment on the skin. This may help to lessen itching and other symptoms. The cream or ointment may be over-the-counter or prescription.
  • Use wet dressings for oozing areas. They may help decrease itching and improve healing. Ask your child's healthcare provider or nurse for instructions.

When should I see a doctor?

  • Symptoms that get worse.
  • New symptoms.
  • Symptoms that affect a large area.
  • Symptoms around the eyes or genitals.
  • Signs of a skin infection, such as increased redness, warmth, swelling, or fluid.
Baby Illness
January 25, 2023

Contact Dermatitis: How Serious is it?

By:
iMumz Expert Panel

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